Jeremiah 22:24-30 Out With The Old And In With The New.
Coniah (or Jehoiachin), Jehoiakim’s son, would have but a brief reign (598-597), and although the first of the deportations began in 609 B.C., the first invasion of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, would occur during Coniah’s reign. The second and final wave would occur under the last of the Davidic kings – Zedekiah in (597-586) (vv. 24-27 Cf. 16:13; 34:20). The nation had made of Coniah an idol, placing their political leadership in the position of the LORD their God (v. 28). The earth itself would bear witness to their captivity (v. 29 Cf. Dt. 32:1). Jehoiakim’s death would begin the end of the Davidic dynasty (v. 30 Cf. 36:20). The pastors or shepherds were also at fault for their failure to lead the people according to the law-word of the covenant. They were guilty of causing the people to be scattered and taken captive, and for this they would be punished (23:1-2 Cf. 10:21).
However, despite this near devastation of the entire nation, the LORD indicated that he still had a remnant whom he would eventually deliver out of every place to which they were scattered, to inherit the land as the LORD had promised (v. 3 Cf. 32:36-41; Is. 11:11-12, 16). It was always through a remnant that the LORD’s covenant promises of blessing found fulfillment. Along with this return would be the appointment of faithful pastors who would feed the people with knowledge and understanding, so that they would no longer fear or be dismayed, and they would lack no good thing (v. 4 Cf. 3:15; Ezek 34:23). The days would come when the Davidic throne would be re-established, but this time it would be occupied by the LORD’s Anointed one, the Messiah – “a branch of righteousness,” the King who would “reign and prosper, and execute judgment and righteousness in the earth” (v. 5 Cf. Jer. 33:14-16).
Isaiah also spoke of these days (Cf. 4:2; 9:7; 11:1; 32:1, 18; 40:10-11). and the Psalmist (72:1-2). This would be the time when the Branch would branch out and build his temple (Zechariah 6:12). “Yes, He shall build the temple of the LORD. He shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule on His throne; so He shall be a priest on His throne, and the counsel of peace shall be between them both” (Zech. 6:13) The sacrifices of the old temple would cease because the LORD’s anointed would “make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy” (Daniel 9:24). The gospels point to the fulfillment of these words in the coming of Jesus in the line of David (Mt. 1:1, 6; Lk. 3:31; Jn. 1:45; 7:42). We know from gospel fulfillment that Jesus is this Branch, and he began this reign when he ascended to the right hand of the Father.
Jesus came as the final hope for the remnant of the people of Israel and Judah. In his days the remnant would be saved and dwell in safety (31:7-8), and his name would be – “THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS” (v. 6 Cf. Dt. 33:28; Zech. 14:11). This salvation would not be based on any righteousness of their own (Cf. Is. 45:24-25; Rom. 3:22; I Cor. 1:30). This point in salvation history would now hearken back to their deliverance from captivity to inherit and dwell in their own land (vv. 7-8 Cf. 16:14-15), because the LORD would do a new thing (Is. 43:5-6, 18-19). For the remnant the captivity was a chastening, the disciplining of their covenant LORD (30:10-11). This same promise concludes Amos’ prophecy (9:11-15), which Paul preached as finding fulfillment with the coming of Jesus, the Messiah, to include the Gentiles, and the whole earth (Acts 15:16-18).