Jeremiah 31:1-30 A Remnant Is Saved.
At the same time as the events depicted in chapter 30, of captivity, judgment on apostates, and a judgment on those who oppressed during the captivity, there would be a remnant within the covenanted nation whom the LORD would discipline but spare. These are those who survived the sword and “found grace in the wilderness,” and rest (vv. 1-2). It was not of their own effort or volition, but rather, out of his everlasting love that he drew them with lovingkindness (v. 3). It is the LORD who would rebuild them into something beautiful, with joy (v. 4). Then they will fulfill the creation mandate, being fruitful stewards in a land of their own (v. 5). There would be a call to worship (v. 6). They knew that it was the LORD God alone who could save (v. 7). A remnant would be gathered from among the scattered (v. 8). They would come weeping to the Father, with supplications (v. 9). The LORD would be their shepherd (v. 10), for it is he who would redeem and ransom them, from the hand of one stronger than he” (v. 11).
They would go from sorrow to singing of the covenantal blessings, because of the goodness of the LORD (vv. 11-12). There would be rejoicing instead of sorrow, because the LORD would comfort them (vv. 13-14). They were commanded to refrain from weeping, because their work would be rewarded, and they would have a blessed future for their children (vv. 15-17). They would return because it is the LORD who would restore them (v. 18). The LORD would have mercy on his repented ones (vv. 19-20). The LORD was creating a new thing in the earth (vv. 21-22). Blessing would show in justice and holiness in the land (vv. 21-24), for the LORD had satiated and “replenished every sorrowful soul” (v. 25). That which Jeremiah had received in a dream, made his sleep sweet (v. 26). The LORD himself would sow them in the land, and instead of plucking up, breaking down, throwing away, destroying and afflicting, he would build and plant them in the promised land (vv. 27-28). There would be individual judgment within the covenanted community (vv. 29-30).