Matthew 21:33-46 The Parable Of The Wicked Vinedressers.
In yet another parable Jesus seeks to drive home the point that there is a lawsuit being brought upon the apostates of the old covenant administration. With the new covenant comes the renewal of the one covenant of grace through the son whom the Father has given. Israel was the vineyard, and the vinedressers were the apostate leadership in church and state. The LORD of the covenant had all along been establishing a relationship where the people would be His and He theirs. To this end there should have been some fruit borne out of this relationship, but there was not (vv. 33-36). The Father even sent his own Son at the time of the last days of the old covenant era, but the apostates were all the more vehement in their opposition.
They thought that killing him would be doing God a favour, and that they could somehow gain a covenantal inheritance of blessing, when all that awaited them was cursing (vv. 37-41). They also in ignorance testify to the justness of the judgment that should fall upon themselves (vv. 40-41). Jesus had to remind them that the stone that they were rejecting was destined to become the chief cornerstone of a new people of God. The kingdom would be taken from them and given to others who would bear fruit (vv. 42-43). The apostate leadership finally seemed to become aware that Jesus was speaking of them, but they did not pursue him at this time because “they feared the multitudes, because they took Him for a prophet” (v. 46).