I Samuel 19 David, Saul, Michal, Samuel, And The Spirit.
Saul commanded his son and servants to kill David (v. 1). Was Saul justifying this as not being first degree pre-meditated murder because he was the king, and perhaps like David later with the Uriah was leaving open the possibility of continuing to try and get rid of David in battle (II Sam. 11)? He should have known by this time where Jonathan’s loyalty lay, as he warned David to hide in a secret place (v. 2). Once again Jon has to play the diplomat and discuss the matter with his father, seeking to pull him back from such evil (v. 3). Jon reminds him that David has always been his servant, has not sinned against him, and that his works up to that point have been nothing but good (v. 4). He risked his life in taking down Goliath, and Jon reminded his father that he himself rejoiced at this victory (v. 5a).
One could go on and point out that Saul promised his daughter to any man who would defeat Goliath, and that when he reneged on his word, David fulfilled a second condition, namely the taking of the foreskins of 100 Philistines, when David took 200. Long before this he surely could not forget that he pulled David away from his father in order to have him play the harp when a distressing spirit came upon him. The wicked soon forget the good deeds of the righteous, and thus they presume upon the mercy and patience of their God. Jon stated the bottom line to his father – like an advocate in a court of law. “Why then will you sin against innocent blood, to kill David without cause.” (v. 5b) In these words Jonathan was telling his father that no one was above the law, including the king.
Once again Saul changes his mind about having David murdered, and the latter returns to stand in Saul’s court (vv. 6-7). Also, once again, David was victorious over the Philistines (v. 8). But also once again “the distressing spirit” from the LORD came upon Saul (v. 9), and he again tries to kill David with a spear, but David escapes (v. 10). Again, Saul sends his servants out to murder David, but this time it is Michal that saves David by lying to her father twice (vv. 11-17). David took refuge with Samuel, which was finally told to Saul (vv. 18-19). However, when messengers were sent to him and Samuel, the Spirit came upon them so that they prophesied, no doubt with something that included not killing David, for even Saul prophesied when he made the trip (vv. 20-24)!