Matthew 20:17-19 Jesus Predicts His Death And Resurrection A Third Time.
This is the third time that Jesus predicted his coming death and resurrection (Cf. 16:21-23; 17:22-23; Mk. 8:31; 9:31; 10:32-34; Lk. 9:22, (44); 18:31; 24:46). Perhaps, being repeated on three separate occasions, as we see later with Paul, Jesus wanted to testify to the surety of what was to take place (Cf. II Cor. 13:1). On the first occasion Jesus spoke of going to Jerusalem (16:21), and on the second occasion “while they were staying in Galilee” (17:22). Now he and the twelve are “going up to Jerusalem” (v. 17). In the second prediction and here, he refers to himself as ‘the Son of Man’ who “will be betrayed to the chief priests and to the scribes; and they will condemn Him to death” (v. 18). This no doubt looks back to Daniel (7:13-14). His accusers were identified from the beginning, Matthew including the elders at 16:21.
It is the apostate Judaic leadership that carry the prosecution. It is they, through the pagan civil authorities, who will condemn him to death, after delivering “Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify” (v. 19a). The innocent One who came not “to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved” (Jn. 3:17), would be condemned for the salvation of many (Cf. Rom. 8:34). It is precisely through Jesus death and resurrection that there can be no charge laid against the elect, no condemnation for those who put their faith in him, he who now also intercedes for us. The resurrection, rising again on the third day, is the imprimatur for the gospel’s proclamation. With the resurrection, the Father declares the absolute acceptance of the once for all sacrifice of the Son (Heb. 9:12; 10:10 Cf. Zech. 3:9).