Mark 14:27-31 Betrayal, Denial, And Stumbling.
As Jesus and his disciples celebrated the Passover he stated that one of the twelve would betray him. Paradosei means to hand over, which is what the betrayer would do – hand over Jesus to the authorities who wanted him killed (v. 18). They each ask Jesus “Is it I?” This included Judas the betrayer. However, Jesus now states that they all “will be made to stumble” because of him (v. 27 Cf. v. 50; Mt. 26:31-35). However, Jesus was never alone (Jn. 16:32). Skandalisthasesthe, from which we get the word scandalous, indeed indicates how scandalous this would be. However, this would fulfill that which was written (gegraphtai) in the Hebrew scriptures of the first covenant, from the prophet Zechariah 13:7. According to Zechariah the purpose will be to judge the apostate majority, but to save a remnant, and refine them as silver or gold, in the fire of affliction, thereby achieving the ultimate goal of the covenant relationship – they his people and he their God (vv. 8-9 Cf. Is. 53:10).
Jesus also stated that his resurrection would change everything. Instead of stumbling, after he was raised he would go before them to Galilee, they obviously following (v. 28). This was something which the women would announce to the twelve, including Peter (16:7 Cf. Mt. 28:16; Jn. 21:1-2). Peter makes the bold contradiction that he would not stumble, but as Jesus predicted, he would deny Jesus three times (vv. 29-30). They all said that they would not deny him (v. 31). One might imagine that to deny (aparnasomai) Jesus would be the same as betrayal, but here it is not. To deny that they even knew Jesus was a stumbling on their part, but to be the one to actually actively hand him over for death – this was the betrayal. As it turned out, the disciples, including Peter, could not even stay awake to pray concerning what they heard and what lay ahead (vv. 32-42).