Matthew 5:1-12 The Blessed Life.
The word ‘blessed’ hearkens back to the blessings and curses of the covenant. First of all, the blessed life is only enjoyed by those who understand their spiritual poverty, and such are destined to possess the kingdom of heaven (v. 3). Those who thus mourn, shall be comforted (v. 4). The blessed possess the kingdom of heaven, but they inherit the earth (v. 5). The blessed life is one characterized by a hunger and thirst after righteousness to the full (v. 6). There is a reciprocity for the merciful, as they also will be shown mercy (v. 7). The pure in heart shall also see God (v. 8). Persecution will come for righteousness’ sake, but it is the peacemakers who will be called the sons of God (vv. 9-10). A blessed life will include this persecution to some extent, as long as it is because of one’s loyalty to Christ (v. 11). There is a great reward for those who thus suffer, even as was experienced by the prophets of old (v. 12).