Jeremiah 21 Judah And Jerusalem Will Be Defeated.
Chapters 21-24 “narrate the end of the Davidic dynasty, making it clear that disaster and exile are God’s judgment on the sins of Judah’s kings and people. Jeremiah denounces false prophets who lead the people astray (ch. 23), but also sounds a note of hope as God promises to gather a remnant of His people from captivity under the leadership of a “Branch of righteousness” from David’s house (23:3-8). The twin messages of judgment and future restoration are repeated in Jeremiah’s vision of two baskets of figs (ch. 24).” (NGSB 1186) Zedekiah, the king of Judah, sent to Jeremiah two trusted men, Pashur (not necessarily the same as the one mentioned at chs. 20 or 38), and Zephaniah a priest, to know the LORD’s will concerning the threats from Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon who was determined to make war with Judah (vv. 1-2).
The message the LORD gave through Jeremiah was clear, Nebuchadnezzar would serve his purpose of punishing Judah, as with Israel, for their rebellion in their idolatry or spiritual adultery (vv. 3-4). In fact, the LORD would also fight against them directly, the inhabitants of the city given over to a pestilence (vv. 5-6). Those who survive the initial onslaught and the pestilence will also fall by the sword (v. 7). The ways of life and death were set before the people, so that those who fought against Babylon would perish, but all who defected to Nebuchadnezzar would live (vv. 8-9), for the city would be burned with fire so that nothing would remain (v. 10). Zedekiah and the house of David were commanded to do their job, according to the law, and defend the innocent from oppressors (vv. 11-12). Judah would be punished for the fruit of their doings (vv. 13-14).