Jeremiah 19 The Apostates Were Brocken Vessels Doomed To Destruction.
Once again Jeremiah is told to go back to a potter to get an earthen flask, taking some elders from church and state with him (v. 1). Then he was to go to the Potsherd (dung) gate and declare the words which the LORD would give him (v. 2 Cf. Josh. 15:8). It was a word to the political leadership and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, that a catastrophic judgment was coming upon them from the LORD (v. 3). The crux of the matter was their foreign idolatrous worship, and the result of the blood of the innocent that were slain, because they actually offered their sons and daughters up as sacrifices, walking through the fire to Molech, something specifically forbidden in the law (vv. 4-5 Cf. 7:31; 32:35; Lev. 18:21; II Kgs. 23:10). The Valley of the Son of Hinnom would be called the Valley of Slaughter (v. 6).
The bottom line was that the LORD would “make void the counsel of Judah,” and his word of judgment would be fulfilled (vv. 7-8 Cf. 18:16; 49:13; 50:13). This was the promise of covenantal cursing (Lev. 26:17-29). So depraved would they be that they would cannibalize their own children (v. 9). Jeremiah would then break the Potter’s flask, a symbol of those vessels in the nation who were supposed to be vessels of honour, but who ultimately proved to be otherwise, by their words and deeds. Using the Potter’s vessel would recall the previous word through Jeremiah concerning the LORD’s sovereign predestinating plan and purpose that some, even within the covenant community, would be vessels of wrath (vv. 10-11 Cf. 18:1-11).
The city of Jerusalem would become like Tophet, a place which was prepared for the king, the place where they made their children walk through the fire (v. 12 Cf. II Kgs. 23:10; Is. 30:33). This would come because of their idolatry (v. 13 Cf. 7:18). Travelling from Tophet to Jerusalem, Jeremiah symbolized the movement of this judgment on the city. It was important that he spoke this word “in the court of the LORD’s house,” because it had come from the greater house in heaven, and it was a word to those within the covenant (v. 14). The city and surrounding towns were about to experience doom which the LORD had pronounced against them, ultimately because they had stiffened their necks, stubbornly refusing to heed his words (v. 15 Cf. Neh. 9:17, 29).