VIII. The Seventh Commandment: Q & A 70-72
Q. 70 Which is the seventh commandment?
A. 70 The seventh commandment is, “You shall not commit adultery.”
Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18.
Q. 71 What is required in the seventh commandment?
A. 71 The seventh commandment requires the preservation of our own, and our neighbour’s chastity, in heart, speech, and behavior.
Sometimes the preservation of our own chastity involves actual fleeing, as with Joseph and Potiphar’s wife (Gen. 39:12). Some things are also more prone to youth, as Paul instructed Timothy (II Tim. 2:22). It is by God’s grace that the saints are able to think and walk in a way pleasing in his sight (II Pet. 1:4). God grants unto some the gift of continency, enabling them to live without having sexual relations. However, for most the path in life is one of marriage, for the Christian, within the covenant (I Cor. 7:7-9, 39). Following the Lord’s will in his word is the only way of blessing (I Pet. 1:5-11).
Q. 72 What is forbidden in the seventh commandment?
A. 72 The seventh commandment forbids all unchaste thoughts, words, and actions.
Chaste conversation coupled with fear (I Pet. 3:2; Eph. 5:3-4), fear of even looking upon a woman with lust in one’s heart (Mt. 5:28), are violations of this law. According to the law, those guilty of fornication were required to get married (Deut. 22:28-29). Adultery was far more severe, requiring the death of both parties (Dt. 22:22), as with those guilty of bestiality (Ex. 22:19). Worst of all is the sin of homosexuality – an abomination (Lev. 18:22). The law also prohibited marrying a close relative (Lev. 18 and 20; Mt. 14:4; Mk. 6:18; I Cor. 5:1).