Isaiah 65 A New Heavens And A New Earth.

The LORD calls to those not asking for him, showing that this is how it always happens-the LORD must initiate for sinners to even ask for him. It is also a visitation to those outside of Israel (v. 1). The latter were guilty of rebellion, walking according to their own thoughts, and in their own ways, the latter based on the former, neither of which were good (v. 2). They were guilty of idolatry, and consulting of the dead, and partaking of all that which was unclean (vv. 3-4). So arrogant were they that they regarded themselves as more holy than the LORD (v. 5), and for all this the he would repay them for their sin, theirs and that of their forefathers, including blasphemy (vv. 6-7).

However, to keep the promise of his covenants, he would redeem the remnant, like a cluster of grapes off the vine, descendants will come from Jacob as heirs, but it would be those who are the elect that would receive the inheritance – his servants (vv. 8-9). This also found fulfillment in the advent of the Lord, as Paul made this distinction, and wrote about “a remnant according to the election of grace” (Rom. 11:5). Sharon was a “fertile plain south of Mt. Carmel, on the Mediterranean coast. It is a picture of how the Lord (sic) will transform creation (33:9; 35:1, 2)” (NGSB p. 1138 v. 10a), and “the valley of Achor a door of hope” (v. 10b; Hos. 2:15), from what was a place of judgment (Josh. 7:22-26).

On the other hand, the valley of Achor should have served as a warning to those guilty of forgetting the law of the LORD and looking to fortune and destiny (v. 11). They did this instead of listening to the word of the LORD calling out to them, all because their deeds were evil (v. 12). There then follows a series of comparisons between the remnant, the LORD’s servants, and the apostate nation – material and spiritual blessings or curses (vv. 13-15). Blessings only come through “the God of truth,” accompanying the swearing of a covenantal oath (v. 16). This is the end of the old covenant and the apostate nation with it, in the renewal of the new, the creation of the LORD, in whom he would find joy and rejoicing (vv. 17-19).

Those under the curses of the old covenant will age accordingly, as those members of the new live as youth – these are the elect, with houses and vineyards, partaking of the work of their own hands (vv. 20-22). “‘They shall not labor in vain, nor bring forth children for trouble; for they shall be the descendants of the blessed of the LORD, and their offspring with them. It shall come to pass that before they call, I will answer; and while they are speaking, I will hear. The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, the lion shall eat straw like the ox, and dust shall be the serpent’s food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,’ says the LORD” (vv. 23-25 Cf. 11:6-9; 30:19; 58:9; 61:9).

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