Amos 9 The Blessings Of The Covenant Fulfilled In The Remnant.
Now Amos sees “the LORD standing by the altar,” and He speaks to His prophet (v. 1a). No one will escape the judgment to come, or be preserved by the LORD in the promised land (vv. 1b-3), even those taken in captivity (v. 4), and the whole of creation will also be moved and serve the LORD’s purposes, as well as the Nations surrounding the covenanted people (vv. 5-8a; 10). Yet despite all this, the promise of the covenants would continue with a remnant (v. 8b), like grain sifted or shaken from the chaff, and they shall be victorious (vv. 9-10 Cf. 6:3; Nu. 24:18; Is. 11:14; 28:15; Jer. 5:12-13; Obad. 19). On that day the LORD of the covenant would “raise up the tabernacle of David, which has fallen down, and repair its damages,” and “rebuild it as in days of old” (v. 11).
There is no doubt that the physical temple was rebuilt by those who returned from the exile, but the house and kingdom of the Messiah would be the ultimate fulfillment of this gathering in of “a remnant according to the election of grace” (Rom. 11:5). This would include a remnant from among the nations, such as Edom (v. 12). According to James the apostle, these words were finding their fulfillment with the Messiah who had come, He who continued to rule from the right hand of the Father (Acts 15:16-17). In those days they would see the beginnings of a massive harvest, a harvest that would begin even as the seed is sown, and they would prosper in the earth where the LORD will plant them (vv. 13-15 Cf. Ps. 53:6; Is. 60:4, 21; 61:4; Jer. 30:3, 18; Ezek. 34:28; 37:25; Joel 3:18), the blessings of the covenant (Cf. Lev. 26:5).