Micah 4:1-5 The LORD Will Reign From Zion.
Elsewhere it has been argued that the specific and significance phrase “the latter days” or “the last days” refers to the time when the Messiah would come ushering in covenant renewal with the new covenant, and would end with the close of the canon of holy scripture, and the fulfillment of the old covenant administration of sacrifices, with the destruction of the temple, which occurred as Jesus predicted, in 70A.D. (v. 1a Cf. Dan. 2:28; 10:14; Hos. 3:5; Mt. 24:2). Isaiah, Micah’s contemporary, also referred to this time (2:1-4). It would be a time when the LORD would build His house, and establish it “on the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and peoples shall flow to it” (v. 1b). The new covenant scriptures witness to this fulfillment in the Lord Jesus Christ (Cf. Acts 2:7; Heb. 1:2).
Mountains in the bible refer to kingdoms and power centres, and in this case Zion, and “the mountain of the LORD’s house, refers to the assembly or church of the LORD. “Earthly Mount Zion prefigured the heavenly reality to which the church indeed has now come (Heb. 12:22-24). As part of the old covenant, the earthly religious center has been eclipsed by the coming new order (Heb. 8:13)” (NGSB. p.1427). So Zion would go from being a plowed field to being exalted above the hills, and the idols of the gods on them (v. 5a). As such, the word coming forth from her, would rule throughout the earth then, in Micah’s near future, but more completely when the Messiah would come. Nations will stream to it, and there they will be taught the ways of the LORD, so that they might also walk in His paths (v. 2ab).
Both in Micah’s near future, and in the coming latter days of the Messiah, “out of Zion the law shall go forth, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem” (v. 2c). The covenant LORD “shall judge between many peoples, and rebuke strong nations afar off” (v. 3a). This extent to the nations is in both geography, but also in time, as it also looks ahead to the time of the Messiah. Ultimately the end of peace will only be consummated with the completion of Messiah’s reign, when He hands the kingdom over to the Father (v. 3b Cf. Ps. 72:7; Is. 2:4; Joel 3:10; I Cor. 15:25-26). These things are sure, because it is the LORD who has spoken, and though small compared to the end in view, its beginning should not be despised (Cf. Zech. 3:10), as a remnant will each have their own rest in the LORD (vv. 4-5 Cf. Zech. 10:12).