Zephaniah 2 A Call To Repentance, And For The Remnant To Seek The LORD.
The undesirable or shameless nation, along with the surrounding nations, are called to hear these warnings of judgment, in hopes that they would repent (vv. 1-2 Cf. II Chr. 20:4; Joel 1:14; 2:16). It was also a call for the faithful remnant, the meek of the earth, those who have upheld His justice, to seek the LORD, that they might be hidden from the judgment to come. This from the prophet whose name means “Yahweh [the LORD] hides” (v. 3 Cf. Pss. 76:9; 105:4; Amos 5:6, 14-15; Joel 2:14). The word of the LORD was against the surrounding nations, that he was going to destroy them (vv. 4-5 Cf. Josh. 13:3; Jer. 6:4; 47:1, 5; Ezek. 25:15-17; Amos 1:7-8; Zech. 9:5), that the seacoast would be pastures, “with shelters for shepherds and folds for flocks…for the remnant of the house of Judah…for the LORD their God will intervene for them, and return their captives” (vv. 6-7 Cf. Is. 17:2; Jer. 29:14; Mic. 5:7-8; Lk. 1:68).
Moab and Ammon, with their arrogant threats and reproaches “against the people of the LORD of hosts (v. 10 Cf. Is. 16:6), would end up like Sodom and Gomorrah, “overrun with weeds and saltpits, and a perpetual desolation,” and the remnant would plunder and possess them (vv. 8-10 Cf. Dt. 29:23; Is. 15:1-9; Jer. 48:1-47; 49:1; Ezek. 25:3; Amos 1:14; 2:1-3). However, when the LORD reduces their idols to nothing, then their will be those from the nations who would worship Him (v. 11 Cf. Gen. 10:5; Mal. 1:11). This would include Ethiopia and Assyria, including Nineveh , which would become a wilderness. Nineveh was the pride of the Assyrians, but instead of peace and joy, it would become a desolation (vv. 12-15 Cf. Ps. 17:13; Is. 10:5-27; 13:21; 14:23-27; 18:1-7; 34:11; 47:8; Jer. 22:14; Lam. 2:15; Ezek. 30:4-5; Mic. 5:5-6; Nah. 3:19; Rev. 18:7). However, the remnant would be spared, and would return from their captivity (Cf. Dt. 30:3; Ps. 14:7; Jer. 30:3, 11, 18; 32:44; Amos 9:14).