Zechariah 14 A Remnant From All Nations.
Once again the LORD promises hope to the remnant even as judgment would come upon the rest of the covenanted people (vv. 1-2 Cf. 12:2-3; Is. 13:6, 9; Joel 2:1; 3:2; Mal. 4:1). The LORD would fight against His and their enemies (v. 3). He would divide kingdoms (v. 4), and many would seek to flee judgment (v. 5), but light would come in the midst of darkness (vv. 6-7). “In that day it shall be that living waters shall flow from Jerusalem” (v. 8). He did this when the Son stood on the Mount of Olives (v. 4 Cf. Ezek. 11:23; Joel 3:12; Acts 1:9-12), and ascending to His right hand, He now reigns as “King over all the earth” (v. 9).
In covenantal blessing, the land would then prosper, and God’s people would re-inhabit the restored city (vv. 10-11). On the other hand, those who opposed His people would be dissolved, panic, and fight with their neighbours (vv. 12-13). The remnant of Judah would fight and plunder their enemies. “And the wealth of all the surrounding nations shall be gathered together: Gold, silver, and apparel in great abundance” (v. 14 Cf. Ezek. 39:10). The LORD would also plague their enemies (v. 15 Cf. v. 12). At the end of this battle, there would also be a remnant from among these nations, who would “worship the King, the LORD of hosts” (v. 16ab).
Together with the remnant of Israel and Judah, this remnant of the nations would also celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles (v. 16c Cf. Lev. 23:34-44; Neh. 8:14; Is. 2:2-3; 27:13; 60:6-9; 66:18-21; Hos. 12:9; Mic. 4:1-2; Jn. 7:2). Those who did not worship the LORD with these would suffer drought and the plague (vv. 17-19). At this time everything associated with the LORD’s house would be set apart as holy to the LORD (vv. 20-21). “The worship of the Gentiles is expressed in terms of this feast because it was one of joy and thankfulness to God for His blessings (Lev. 23:33-36, 39-43; Num. 29:12-34; Deut. 16:13-15)” (NGSB. p.1484).