Zechariah 9 The Messiah Shall Reign On Earth Through His People.
The prophet now has a “burden of the word of the LORD”(v. 1), against Syria, including it’s capital of Damascus, and it’s neighbours, Hamath and Tyre and Sidon (v. 2). Tyre had built a tower and heaped up silver and gold (v. 3), but it would be destroyed by fire, and loss at sea (v. 4). Ashkelon, Gaza, and Ekron would see this and be sorrowful and in fear, as they would also suffer judgment (vv. 5-6). However, as with Israel and Judah, there would be a remnant (v. 7). In contrast, the LORD would camp around His house, His people (v. 8). He would also send the King of His house, the Messiah. As was confirmed in the new covenant, this is Jesus, who “is just and having salvation, lowly and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey” (v. 9 Cf. Ps. 110:1; Is. 9:6-7; Jer. 23:5-6; Mt. 21:5; Mk. 11:7-9; Lk. 19:38; Jn. 12:15).
The reign of the Messiah to come, would not be achieved through military means, rather “He will speak peace to the nations; His dominion shall be from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth” (v. 10 Cf. Ps. 72:8). Prisoners would be set free from the waterless pit through the blood of the covenant (v. 11 Cf. Is. 42:7). This is why they are called “prisoners of hope,” because the LORD would “restore double” to them (v. 12). Furthermore, the LORD would raise up a spiritual army to carry forth this message (v. 13), and He would reign over them, moving all creation, including the history of nations, in their favour, like jewels in a crown (vv. 14-16 Cf. 12:8; Ps. 18:14; Hab. 3:11; Is. 11:12; 21:1; 37:35; 62:3; Jer. 31:10-11; Joel 3:18; Mal. 3:17). Goodness and beauty shall prevail (v. 17 Cf. Pss. 31:19; 45:1-16).