Zechariah 4 Building Through God’s Spirit And Grace.
The prophet was awakened by the angel, as part of his vision (v. 1 Cf. 1:9; 2:3; Dan. 8:18), and what he saw was “a lampstand of solid gold with a bowl on top of it, and on the stand seven lamps with seven pipes to the seven lamps” (v. 2 Cf. Ex. 25:31ff; Rev. 1:12; 4:5). What Zechariah was looking at, appears to be what John also saw, including the two olive trees-one on the right and the other on the left of the bowl, who represented two witnesses (v. 3 Cf. Rev. 11:3-4). He had to ask the angel for an explanation of what this meant or represented (vv. 4-6a). “‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ says the LORD of hosts” (v. 6b). The rebuilding of the LORD’s house and city would not be by human strength, but only by those empowered by God’s Spirit, this is why there would be “shouts of ‘Grace, grace to it’” (v. 7b Cf. Ezra 3:10-13; Ps. 84:11). It is the LORD who will save, out of His own mercy (Cf. Hos. 1:7). This is also related to counsel, as the word of the LORD to Isaiah (30:1). The strength comes from the LORD, according to the covenanted word (Cf. Hag. 2:4-5).
Mountains stand for kingdoms, so that Zerubbabal, in the strength of God’s Spirit, would bring down the great kingdom (v. 7a Cf. Jer. 51:25). This was fitting, as he was the one ordained to the political office, as Joshua the high priest was of the religious. The previous chapter concerned Joshua the high priest and his work, and now the focus is on Zerubbabel, as is evident from the repetition of his name (vv. 6-10). However, he would also be at the forefront of building the physical temple building (v. 9 Cf. 2:8-9; 6:12-15; Ezra 3:8-10; 5:16; 6:14-15; Is. 43:16; Hag. 2:18). Furthermore, the LORD would also see, through his chosen one, the plumb line of His word extended throughout the whole earth (v. 10). With such an end in view, one should not despise the beginning of this work (Cf. 3:9; Neh. 4:2-4; Amos 7:2, 5; Hag. 2:3; II Chr. 16:9; Prov. 15:3). The two anointed ones, represented by the two olive trees, bear witness to these truths (vv. 11-14 Cf. 3:1-7; 4:3; Rev. 11:4).*
* “‘These anointed ones,’ refers to Zerubbabal and Joshua. As God’s chosen leaders they would be supplied by the Holy Spirit with the necessary strength to finish the temple. Together they foreshadow the Messiah, in whom the offices of priest and king (as well as prophet) will be joined in one Person. The total vision teaches both that God is the source of strength for doing His work and that He bestows His Spirit upon His chosen people for the work He has called them to do” (NGSB p.1471).