Hebrews 10:28-31 Curses And Blessings.

Our author will again move to the third person, directing his attention to the subjects of the lawsuit, here in the fourth section-Curses And Blessings. The centre of this section is a just vengeance of God. All have rejected Moses law, and without mercy will suffer a just judgment. The law itself prescribed the invocation of witnesses, and the Holy Trinity alone executes this judgment, but there are more witnesses than they, including our own consciences (v. 28 Cf. Dt. 17:2-7; 19:15). “Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing, and insulted the Spirit of grace” (v. 29)?

These were all the blessings which accrue to the sons of God included in the new covenant renewal. However, on the rejection of this message, the apostates are going to suffer this indictment. This ultimate vengeance comes from the Lord, and this lawsuit is confirmation that He will repay (v. 30). This comes from Moses’ Song of Witness (Cf. Dt. 32:35-36). It is in this context that he concludes the fourth section of the lawsuit with these words, which again serve as a warning to all. “It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God” (v. 31). As Jesus Himself said: “But I will show you whom you should fear: fear Him who, after He has killed, has power to cast into hell; yes, I say to you, fear Him” (Lk. 12:5)!

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