Hebrews 3:1-6 Historical Prologue: Moses, The Son, And God’s House.
The Preamble of the covenant renewal presented the Son as the inheritor of the throne of heaven, in his transcendence and immanence, through his exaltation, presentation, and enthronement (1). The author then introduced the first instalment on the old covenant lawsuit case-A Call To Witnesses To Hear And Testify (2:1-4). He then concludes the renewal preamble by expanding on the beginning verses by presenting further the Son as the Messianic King and Priest (2:5-18). He now moves to the next section of the renewal which is the Historical Prologue. It gets tied to the Preamble in that he moves to the third office which Messiah was anointed for-that of the Prophet.
This Apostle was sent from heaven with a mission, he took on flesh and blood, lived a sinless life, offered up himself as a propitiatory sacrifice for the sinful state of God’s elect, rose victorious from the grave, and ascended to the right hand of the Father to reign as the Prophet, Priest, and King. He began a messianic reign, which will continue until the time he gives this kingdom to the Father. Through this Kinsman-Redeemer, we also, as holy brethren, are made “partakers of the heavenly calling” (v. 1a). This King “and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus, who was faithful to Him who appointed Him” (vv. 1b-2a), fulfilled the mission that He, as the Apostle, had been given to him from the Father.
It is at this point that our author introduces Moses, the human leader among the prophets, but also the one who foretold of the Prophet to come-the Messiah (Cf. Dt. 18:15, 18-19). He connects this office with God’s house, and the service to and the building of this house. Moses has always had a prominent place in the building of God’s house, and the author makes this point. However, he also made the point that he was a servant in this house, but the Son, heir to the heavenly throne, and Lord of the covenant, is and always has been the builder of the house (vv. 2b-3 Cf. Nu. 12:7). Anyone familiar with the Law and the Prophets, would have recognized that the building this house is one of the Messiah’s tasks.
Zechariah predicted that “the Man whose name is Branch,” would build this house, and whereas it was forbidden for any man to occupy the office of priest and king, it would be a sign of the Messiah, that he would unite these offices in his one person, also as the Prophet (Zech. 6:12-13 Cf. Ps. 110:4). Isaiah concurred with this testimony when he stated the following. “They will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring and the posterity” (Is. 22:24). The author states a foundational truth, that all things are made by God, making everything he has stated here as a testimony to the deity of the Son (v. 4). Moses, as a prophet, in fact bore testimony to the time of fulfillment, which our author has stated (v. 5).
The house of the Son was never intended to be for only one ethnic group. All who are known by the Father make up the house of the Son. It is not by claiming a physical lineage to Abraham or Moses, but it is all those who have like faith. It is manifestly obvious that there are not, nor has there ever been or shall be, two houses. There is but one house-the Son’s house. Furthermore we know that we are this house by what we believe and how we live. Perseverance is a sign of preservation, and “we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end” (v. 6). God’s house has always been his people, not bricks and mortar (Cf. I Sam. 2:35; II Sam. 7:16; Eph. 2:19-22; I Tim. 3:15; I Pet. 2:5).