Hebrews 2:10-18 The Son Is Fit To Be High Priest.
It was fitting, suitable, or proper for the Father, who created and sustains all things of his own good pleasure, “in bringing many sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings” (v. 10). First of all, it is important to note the purpose of God-to bring many sons to glory. This is our destiny. However, before we can start this journey, we needed to be set free. In this passage we read that there had to be a “propitiation for the sins of the people” (v. 17). There was a satisfaction necessary for God’s just wrath against the sinful condition of his people. We all had a just death sentence on us, both in our sin in Adam, and all our personal sins. In short, what was needed, was a substitute, and also a kinsmen redeemer who could both take our place, and seek justice on our behalf.
The Son is our captain, placed in this position by the Father. ‘Archegos’ is not the usual word for captain. Besides referring to “a chief leader,” it can also refer to an “author” or “prince” (Strong’s). This Captain was consecrated and perfected for his office through what he suffered. The author of this letter will build on this idea as he progresses through this letter. This Captain “learned obedience by the things which He suffered. And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him” (5:8-9). This salvation not only includes our justification in the face of a just need for propitiation, but it also includes our sanctification, which the Son also procured for us (v. 11a). As our author will state later, by the will of the Father, “we have been sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all” (10:10).
“He is not ashamed to call them brethren” (v. 11b). This is the case because part of this salvation is that we are being sanctified more and more into the image of Christ. To this end he pulls in three scriptural witnesses. The first refers to the Son declaring the Father’s name to the brethren, with name referring to everything associated with His character. The Son will also lead the brethren in praise to the Father (v. 12; Ps. 22:22). Furthermore the Son will show the brethren the need to trust the Father, as those who have been given to him (v. 13; II Sam. 22:3; Is. 8:17-18). “Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same” (v. 14a Cf. Jn. 1:14). The incarnation was absolutely necessary for the salvation of God’s people.
The finished work of Christ, through the incarnation, life, death, resurrection, and ascension all point to one assured end-all his enemies will be made his footstool, and to that end he has destroyed the devil, and with him the fear of death which held people in bondage (vv. 14b-15 Cf. Lk. 1:74; Col. 2:15; II Tim. 1:10). There is no redemption needed or provided for angels, but those whom God has chosen, the seed of Abraham among Jews and Gentiles, do need redemption (v. 16). To be qualified to be High Priest, one of the three offices of the Messiah or anointed One, he had to take on human nature, including flesh and blood (v. 17). Only as such could he be the one mediator between God and man, who could be the propitiation, or satisfaction for divine justice. Furthermore, as one who suffered as we do, without sin, “he is able to aid those who are tempted” (v. 18 Cf. 4:15-16; 5:1-10).