Hebrews

Hebrews 2:5-9 We See Jesus.

The world to come, is the word ‘oikoumenen’, which means the inhabited earth. This helps explain why he stated that this world will not be subject to angels, but it will be subject to humans, made as His image bearers, restored to our original purpose, free from sin. This is the new heavens and the new earth that Peter also referred to (II Pet. 3:13 Cf. Is. 65:17; 66:22; Rev. 21:1). To this end the author turns to the testimonial of David in Psalm 8:4-8 (Cf. Job 17-18). It is preferable to look at this Psalm as a whole. It employs the name ‘LORD’ referring to the covenant, and it is excellent (vv. 1,9). It also speaks to His glory. Some of the weakest members of the covenant-infants and nursing babes-put to silence the enemy and avenger (vv. 1-2 cf. I Cor. 1:27). This same God ordained everything into existence (v.3).

As to the section quoted here, he gave to humanity, whom he created as His image bearers, the dominion mandate (Gen. 1:28), to which this is a Psalm of praise. However, there is also a greater Son of man to which this speaks and through whom alone this mandate can find fulfillment. It is to the greater Son of David to whom these babes offer praise – Mt. 21:16, that this finds fulfillment. There is one covenant LORD! All His enemies will ultimately be put under His feet (v.6 Cf. Ps. 110; I Cor. 15:27; Eph. 1:22; Heb. 2:8). “For He must reign till He has put all enemies under His feet. The last enemy that will be destroyed is death.” (I Cor. 15:25-26) With the fall the mandate took on a new dimension, but the Son also bought and brought redemption.

It is the cultural mandate which now is the ultimate goal of the Great Commission (Mt. 28:18-20). “For in that He put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him” (v. 8b). This was the goal when the Psalm was written. However, as our author states, even in his day they did “not yet see all things put under him” (v. 8c). We can admit this is the case also. However, this is why Jesus came, and this is the nature of his present reign, because he says, “but we see Jesus” (v. 9a). This is the answer! The Son, through his church, in being engaged in the great commission, is also fulfilling the original purpose for humanity, to bring the whole of creation in subjection to the Creator, and since the fall, the Redeemer. Jesus fulfills this Psalm because he was indeed fully man.

Our author gives us a full explanation of how Jesus, the Son, became the rightful heir to this promise. Indeed it forms a large part of his letter, and also how through his people this reign finds gradual fulfillment in the inhabited earth. Being made a little lower than the angels, refers to his humanity. He then refers to his death and resurrection-“crowned with glory and honor” (v. 9b). In the preceding chapter he spelled out his right to inherit the throne, proving the Son’s right to the crown in his enthronement, after his death, resurrection, and ascension to the right hand of the Father, where he reigns until all his enemies are made his footstool (Cf. 1:9; Is. 53:10-12; Phil. 2:5-11; Acts 2:33-36; I Pet. 1:21). It is through his victory over sin and death, “that He, by the grace of God, might taste death for everyone” (v. 9c).

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