Acts 13:20-21 From Constitutional Republic To A Monarchy-Judgment.
“After that He gave them judges for about four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet” (v. 20). Paul continued to recite the flow of covenantal history that he ended in the previous verses with the taking of the promised land under Joshua and Caleb and the next generation (vv. 13-19). The onset of the judges was also a time of deliverance (Cf. Jud. 2:16). “And all Israel from Dan to Beersheba knew that Samuel had been established as a prophet of the LORD” (I Sam. 3:20). Under the judges, God established Israel as a constitutional republic. Then they fell again under a judgment of forty years. “And afterward they asked for a king; so God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years” (v. 21 Cf. I Sam. 8:4-9). The change from a constitutional republic to a monarchy, was a rejection of the LORD as their King!