Luke 20:40-44 Son Of David And Lord.
We know from verse 40 that the Sadducees “dared not question Him anymore” after He proved from the patriarchs that there was indeed life after death which would involve a resurrection of the body. However, Jesus has more words for the scribes. There was a more fundamental question which they were trying to avoid, namely, who was this Jesus who claimed to be the promised Messiah? Many were looking for the Christ, not because they imagined this as some kind of projection of their own religious sentiments. The scriptures themselves predicted His coming. So Jesus quotes Psalm 110:1, the most quoted OT passage in the NT, and asks His listeners how the Messiah could be the son of David if David also calls Him Lord. The covenant making and covenant keeping LORD, Jehovah, says to David’s Lord, “Sit at My right hand till I make Your enemies Your footstool.”
Peter reiterates that this passage makes two points-Jesus is both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:34-35 Cf. Rom. 1:3-4; 9:5). The anointed One was also God incarnate-Immanuel, God with us. The Messiah would indeed be a descendant of David, but by David’s own testimony, which was regarded as holy infallible scripture, He was also One who would sit on the very throne of heaven reigning with the LORD Himself! Matthew indicates that with this question Jesus had turned His attention to the Pharisees, because even though they, unlike the Sadducees, did believe in the resurrection, they clearly did not understand that the Messiah would also be God (22:41-45). Mark simply states that this instruction occurred in the temple precincts (12:35-37a), but He also adds that “the common people heard Him gladly” (v. 37b). The people were glad because Jesus was the very hope and promise of eternal life and everlasting blessedness (Acts 13:23).