Luke 20:9-19 The Parable Of The Wicked Vinedressers.
This parable of the wicked vinedressers speaks to the apostate Jewish leadership which culminated in those who stood before Jesus, and who were increasingly intent on His death (Cf. Mt. 21:33-46; Mk. 12:1-12). From the garden, man was given the responsibility to be a steward of God’s creation, furthermore the nation of Israel were given further stewardship responsibilities based on redemption. The Lord sent His servants to these stewards to look for fruit, but instead of finding a return on His investment, these wicked squatters killed those sent. This is what the apostate leadership did to the prophets of the law-word of the covenant sent by the LORD (vv. 9-12 Cf. II Kgs. 17:13-15). Finally, the Father sent His beloved Son and they plotted to murder Him also (vv. 13-14), doing so with their own self-malediction (Cf. Mt. 27:25). The irony is that these people thought that they would somehow obtain the inheritance by this death.
What would actually happen is that the LORD will bring on them the curses of the covenant and bequeath the inheritance to others (vv. 15-16a). The apostate leadership knew what He was saying, and they denied that this would be the case (v. 16b). However, it is clear that their rejection of their promised Messiah who stood before them, was the great divide and turning point of this history (vv. 17-18 Cf. Ps. 118:22; Is. 8:14-15; Mt. 21:42-44; Acts 2:22-23; 7:52; I Th. 2:15). Only the then present fear of the people kept them from immediately fulfilling their desire for His death (v. 19). This is also the significance of the judgment which was destined for Jerusalem and the temple of which Jesus would soon fully detail (21:5-33), like the earlier fall of the city under the Babylonian captivity (II Chr. 36:15ff.). The bottom line here is this-there can be no covenantal inheritance for those who reject the heir, which is what the apostate leadership and their followers did.