Luke 11:14-23 Jesus’ Presuppositional Argument-A House United.
It would appear that most of the people in the crowd simply marvelled that Jesus was delivering the demon possessed from their slavery (v. 14) However, some surmised that Jesus casts out demons because he served the ruler of the demons (v. 15). From Matthew we learn that at least some of these were Pharisees (9:32-34; 12:22-24). What should have been seen as an obvious sign of God’s kingdom, they twisted around to mean the exact opposite. This is a good example of what happens so often in the area of apologetics. Evidences, not just in apologetics, but in all thought, are subject to the presuppositions of the interpreter. The worldview of the unregenerate will always view evidences through the prism of their own presuppositions, every bit as much as the true Christian.
The true Christian is honest about their beliefs, namely that the first axiom of all thought and existence is the word of God. In asking for a sign, others who did not accept the meaning of the sign which they were given, were really just looking for another sign to supposedly refute. In a backhanded way, they were not only rejecting the sign given, they believed that it proved their unbelief (v. 16 Cf. Mt. 12:38; 16:1-4; Mk. 8:11-12). Jesus states what should be obvious. “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and a house divided against a house falls.” (vv. 17-18) Those who were released from their bondage were now free from Satan’s rule. How could this be seen as anything other than his defeat? However, Jesus’ presuppositional argument does not end there.
Jesus then seeks to take their presupposition to its logical conclusion, to show the inconsistencies and contradictions in their own thought. “And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out?” Perfectly reasonable deduction one would think. Hence Jesus words, “Therefore they will be your judges.” (v. 19) For Jesus, it should have shown to them that the kingdom of God had come upon them (v. 20). As we read in Matthew, he did so by the Spirit of God (12:28), therefore they were not only falsely accusing Him but in effect they were calling the Spirit unholy! This is why in Mark we find Jesus making this very judgment against them (3:28-30). Presuppositions have consequences. This discussion was more than a philosophical or theological discourse.
He then gives an example to prove to them the truthfulness of His presupposition. A stronger man is what is required to overtake one who has set up guards to protect himself and his property (vv. 21-22). The man who was delivered ceased to be Satan’s property. Here is the basic truth: “He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters.” (v. 23) Since a house can’t be divided, those who accused Jesus of being in league with the devil must have been from another house. When Jesus came to His own, in particular the religious leadership, He was giving them a choice-either accept His truth claims or be subject to old covenant lawsuit judgment. One thing is certain, with Jesus the kingdom of God had come upon them, and this meant the destruction of Satan’s false rule (Cf. Col. 2:15).