Isaiah 14 Jacob Found Mercy, The Nations Are Fallen.
Jacob and Israel will find mercy and “strangers will be joined with them.” (v. 1) These strangers will be captives and servants who once ruled over them (v. 2). This is the day when Babylon and its king will be judged (vv. 3-6). It will be a time of peace and singing for the whole earth (vv. 7-8). Hell or Sheol will greet the king and his minions (vv. 9-11). The leader of Babylon like Babylon itself finds symbolic meaning for the spiritual forces of wickedness and Satan himself (vv. 12-15). Like the devil himself, the king of Babylon aspired to the position of deity. But instead of such lofty heights he, like Satan, would be cast down among the graves of the wicked (vv. 16-21). Babylon itself would suffer the same end (vv. 22-23), as will Assyria (vv. 24-27).
This is all as a result of the LORD’s sovereign will. “The LORD of hosts has sworn, saying, “Surely, as I have thought, so it shall come to pass, and as I have purposed, so it shall stand.” For the LORD of hosts has purposed, and who will annul it? His hand is stretched out, and who will turn it back?” (vv. 24, 27) It is the LORD’s thought alone which brings all this to pass, for there is no break between His thoughts and the will to perform them. What the LORD purposes to do shall be done. In the year king Ahaz died Isaiah also received a burden concerning Philistia (v. 28). It was to chastise them for thinking that the removal of Assyria was somehow by their doing or a license for them to replace them in their wickedness (vv. 29-31). Israel’s remnant will find refuge in Zion (v. 32 Cf. Heb. 12:22-24).