Isaiah 5: Recital Of The Plaintiff’s Benevolent Acts And Indictment.
“The vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel.” (v. 7) The LORD planted this vine in very good conditions to expect useful fruit, but instead of justice there was oppression (vv. 1-2). This is what led to this judgment against them (v. 3). He guarded them as a tower and made plans for them to produce the choicest wine. The conditions were ripe for a fruitful harvest (v. 5). Instead, because of their rebellion they would no longer be protected (v. 6). Woe would come to those whose only object was the accumulation of wealth (v. 8). Their prosperity would therefore vanish (vv. 9-10). Woe also would come upon party animals who were ignoring the judgment of providence (vv. 11-12).
“Therefore my people have gone into captivity, because they have no knowledge.” (v. 13a). Leaders and people together were guilty (vv. 13b-14). These all would be brought down from their haughty positions as the LORD alone is exalted, “and God who is holy shall be hallowed in righteousness.” (v. 16) The people thought that they could sin with impunity, for according to their circumstances they figured they were fine (vv. 18-19). This is what happens “to those who are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight.” (v. 21) They rejected the knowledge that comes from God and sought their own, and in the end called good evil and evil good (v. 20). They were drunkards who could be bought with a bribe (vv. 22-23).
There was one cause and one only for their condition, they had “rejected the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.” (v. 24b) In His anger the LORD would cause them to be overtaken by the surrounding nations (vv. 26-30). In short, the LORD would use these nations to execute His judgment against His people. This is what happens to all those who reject the law-word of the covenant and trust in their own thoughts. Instead of reading the word they read their circumstances and assumed all was well when prosperity abounds. There is no fear, because they think that they will always get away with it. Their rejection of the law-word of the covenant was the sole cause of this judgment.