Ephesians 6:1-4 Children, Parents, And The Law-Word Of The Covenant.
In writing to the early Christians Paul does not depart from the old testament law, rather he refers back to it as the biblical standard still in effect. As he instructs the children in the church he goes to the foundation of the fifth commandment, “the first commandment with promise.” (vv. 1-3 Cf. Ex. 20:12; Lev. 19:3; Dt. 4:40; 5:16, 33; 6:2; 11:8-9; Col. 3:20-21) Health and prosperity come to those who keep this commandment. It is also in stark contrast to the heathen who disobey their parents (Cf. Rom. 1:30; II Tim. 3:2). There is also a warning to fathers not to provoke their children (v. 4). This carries the idea of jealousy, born from comparing oneself with another (Cf. Rom. 11:11). Rather, children should be taught to be all that God has gifted and called them to be without comparison to others, even parents and siblings. A nurturing approach seeks to train and admonish the next generation to serve the Lord, by learning discipline and renewing the mind in the law-word of the covenant.