Messiah Has Come Clothed In Blue, Scarlet, Purple, And Gold.
The significance of so much of what we find in the scriptures often escapes us, especially in the deep recesses of the Old Testament system. We also often forget that the pattern was always in heaven-from the very beginning (Heb. 8:5). Speaking of that earthly sanctuary the writer to the Hebrews had to say, “of these things we cannot now speak in detail.” (9:5) One has the sense that he really wanted to though. However, thankfully we have the same scriptures that he did, and there is indeed much profit and blessing in this search.
One of those points of interest was the place of the colours of blue, scarlet, and purple. These were to be among the offerings of linen given by the people (Ex. 25:1, 35:5, 23, 25, 35, 36:8, 38:23). Together the three colours accompanied the Cherubim of the glory presence seen in the artistic curtains and veil of the tabernacle of meeting (Ex. 26:1, 31, 36:35; II Chron. 3:14), with the three colours found in the screen to the door of the tabernacle/temple (Ex. 26: 36, 36:37) Also in the court there was to be a screen “woven of blue, purple , and scarlet thread.” (27:16, 38:18)
They would be used to make the “garments of ministry, for ministering in the holy place.” (Ex. 39:1) We see them combined, along with gold, in the clothing of the high priest in the ephod and breastplate of judgment. (28:5-8, 15, 39:2-5, 8). Furthermore, hanging from the robe of the ephod were to be pomegranates of blue, purple, and scarlet, interspersed with bells of gold (v.33, 39:24-26). This would come into play when Israel would enter the promised land, and lots would be cast at the door of the tabernacle in the glory presence of the LORD (Joshua 14:1, cf. Ex. 28:30; Nu. 34:16-29; Joshua 19:51). The priest had on his chest the representation of the twelve tribes of the people of God, with the Urim and the Thummim in the breastplate of judgment.
They also made for the high priest “the plate of the holy crown of pure gold” (39:30), engraved with the words, “HOLINESS TO THE LORD” (cf. Ex. 28:26), showing that to which the gold symbolized. If the holiness was gone the bells would not ring, and the people could assume the death of the high priest. For this cause he had to make atonement for his own sins, as much as for the people (Heb. 5:3; 7:27; 9:7; Lev. 9:7; 16:6). One day there would come a greater High Priest who would not need to offer for Himself, but would forever be “HOLINESS TO THE LORD” (Heb. 7:28; 9:8-10)!
Concerning the ephod, it was of particular significance that, the breastplate of judgment was bound to it by blue cord (Ex. 28:28, 39:21), and the robe of the ephod itself was all of blue. (v. 31, 39:22) The loops of the curtains were also made of blue yarn (Ex. 36:11), as was the covering of the ark for transport (Nu. 4:6), the covering of the table under the showbread (v. 7), the covering for “the lampstand of the light.” (Nu. 4:9), the golden altar (v. 11), and the utensils of service (v.12).
Blue symbolized the word of the LORD. It was the colour that the people were to use for the tassels of their robes so that they might be reminded to remember the word of the LORD (Nu. 15:37-41). It is therefore significant that the robe undergirding all that the high priest wore was all of blue, that which attached the breastplate was blue, that which attached “the holy crown of pure gold” was blue, and that which covered the tabernacle items in transport was blue. The word was what undergirded, bound together, and overarched everything to do with the worship of God in the place of judgment, down to the loops of the curtains.
Then there is the scarlet, crimson, or red. A symbol of sin (Is. 1:18), and the need for cleansing (Lev. 14:4-7, 49-53), purification (Nu. 19:6 cf. Gen. 38:28-30), and remission (Heb. 9:18-22). It was the colour of bloodshed (Nah. 2:3; Rev. 17:3). Such was the colour of Rahab’s cord (Josh. 2:18-21), symbolizing, as it did, the passover blood. On the table of the showbread was the blue, and on top of this were the dishes and the showbread, but over all this was the red cloth (Nu. 4:8). So undergirding the ministry of the sacrament was the word-it is the foundation. But what these elements of the sacrament symbolized was the blood of cleansing and forgiveness.
For others, red became a symbol of luxury and voluptuousness (II Sam. 1:24; Pr. 31:21; S of S. 4:3; Rev. 18:12, 16). But for some they would go from luxury to ashes (Lam. 4:5). Purple, on the other hand, was the colour of royalty (Judges 8:26; Esther 1:6; 8:15; S of S 3:10; 7:5; Dan. 5:7, 16, 29). Note how important was the business of the virtuous woman of Proverbs 31-verse 22, and Lydia (Acts 16:14). It was thus also a status symbol of the rich (Ezek. 27:7, 16; Lk. 16:19; Rev. 18:12, 16). But it was also the colour of the cloth that covered the ashes from the altar (Nu. 4:13 cf. Heb. 9:13-14).
There is something to the combination of the red and the purple. The woman upon the beast rules through bloodshed, clothed in purple and crimson, with her leaders (Rev. 17:4; 18:12, 16). These represent those who aspire to humanistic messianic aspirations. However, there is One alone who is clothed in scarlet and purple. How fitting that our Lord was clothed in purple and scarlet to accompany His “twisted crown of thorns”, as the soldiers gave their mock salute, “Hail, King of the Jews.” (Mk. 15:17-20 cf. Mt. 27:28; John 19:2-5). He is the one who rules through His blood which He shed.
There is only one person who could ever be clothed with the high priestly colours of blue, scarlet, and purple eternally-Jesus Christ. These colours symbolize the offices of prophet, priest, and king. It was forbidden for any one person to occupy all three, except as it would be a sign of the Messiah Himself. David was a prophet and a king, but he was no priest. Many were prophets and priests, but not also kings. This one, after the order of Melchizedek, is set apart to occupy all three offices in His own person and work.
Satan understood this stupendous truth, for he tempted our Lord, at the dawn of His earthly ministry, on all three-as Prophet (Luke 4:1-4; Mt. 4:1-4), King (vv. 5-8; Mt. 4:5-7), and Priest (vv. 9-13; Mt. 4:8-11). It was also understood by the writer to the Hebrews when he looked back upon the humiliation, exaltation, ascension, and enthronement of Messiah, as prophet (1:1-3), priest (v.3), and king (v.3), “having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.” (v. 4)
Satan, that fallen angel, has been crushed under the feet of the seed, the promised One (Gen. 3:15), who tore that tri-color veil in two (Mt. 27:51). “Thus God, determining to show more abundantly to the heirs of promise the immutability of His counsel, confirmed it by an oath, that by two immutable things, in which it is impossible for God to lie, we might have strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold of the hope set before us. This hope we have as an anchor for the soul, both sure and steadfast, and which enters the Presence behind the veil, where the Forerunner has entered for us, even Jesus, having become High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.” (Heb. 6:17-20)
Here we are, guilty and running from the avenger of blood, when our Kinsmen Redeemer has run ahead of us into the city of refuge, to occupy the place of our High Priest, not for a time, but for all eternity. We need no other defence-our Kinsman Redeemer has become our High Priest (Heb. 2:14-18; 5:5-10). “What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer? Christ, as our Redeemer, executes the offices of prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation.” (WSC. Q & A 23) Amen!